Variation in occult injury screening for children with suspected abuse in selected US children's hospitals.

TitleVariation in occult injury screening for children with suspected abuse in selected US children's hospitals.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsWood JN, Feudtner C, Medina SP, Luan X, Localio R, Rubin DM
JournalPediatrics
Volume130
Issue5
Pagination853-60
Date Published2012 Nov
ISSN1098-4275
KeywordsChild Abuse, Female, Fractures, Closed, Hospitals, Pediatric, Humans, Infant, Male, Retrospective Studies, United States, Wounds and Injuries
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe variation across selected US children's hospitals in screening for occult fractures in children <2 years old diagnosed with physical abuse and in infants <1 year old who have injuries associated with a high likelihood of physical abuse.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of children <2 years old with a diagnosis of physical abuse and infants <1 year old with non-motor vehicle crash-associated traumatic brain injuries or femur fractures admitted to 40 hospitals within the Pediatric Hospital Information System database from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2009. We examined variation among the hospitals in the performance of screening for occult fractures as defined by receipt of skeletal survey or radionuclide bone scan. Marginal standardization implemented with logistic regression analysis was used to examine hospital variation after adjusting for patient demographic characteristics, injury severity, and year of admission.

RESULTS: Screening for occult fractures was performed in 83% of the 10,170 children <2 years old with a diagnosis of physical abuse, 68% of the 9942 infants who had a traumatic brain injury, and 77% of the 2975 infants who had femur fractures. After adjustment for patient characteristics, injury severity, and year of admission, hospitals varied significantly in use of screening for occult fractures in all 3 groups of children.

CONCLUSIONS: The observed variation in screening for occult fractures in young victims of physical abuse and infants who have injuries associated with a high likelihood of abuse underscores opportunities to improve the quality of care provided to this vulnerable population.

DOI10.1542/peds.2012-0244
Alternate JournalPediatrics
PubMed ID23071208
PubMed Central IDPMC4074645
Grant List1K23HD071967-01 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
K23 HD071967 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States