Using freelisting to understand shared decision making in ADHD: parents' and pediatricians' perspectives.

TitleUsing freelisting to understand shared decision making in ADHD: parents' and pediatricians' perspectives.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsFiks AG, Gafen A, Hughes CC, Hunter KF, Barg FK
JournalPatient Educ Couns
Date Published2011 Aug
KeywordsAdult, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Attitude of Health Personnel, Child, Child, Preschool, Comprehension, Data Collection, Decision Making, Female, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Hospitals, Pediatric, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Parents, Pediatrics, Perception, Philadelphia, Physicians, Questionnaires, Socioeconomic Factors

OBJECTIVE: To compare and contrast notions of ADHD among pediatricians and parents of affected children to understand the perspectives they bring to shared decision making (SDM).

METHODS: In this freelisting study, 60 parents of children with ADHD and 30 primary care pediatricians listed words reflecting their understanding of (1) Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), (2) getting/offering help for ADHD, (3) talking to doctors/families about ADHD, and (4) "mental health." Smith's salience score established terms that were salient and cultural consensus analysis identified variation within subgroups of participants.

RESULTS: Parents' terms reflected ADHD's effects on the child and family, while clinicians often mentioned school. Lists suggested differing needs and goals for clinicians and subgroups of parents in SDM: "time" for clinicians, "learning" and "understanding" for non-college educated parents, and "comfort" and "relief" for college educated parents. Neither parents nor clinicians framed ADHD in the same way as "mental health."

CONCLUSION: Parents and clinicians, who conceptualize ADHD differently, should negotiate a shared understanding of ADHD as a basis for SDM. Treatment discussions should be tailored to encompass families' varied emotional and educational needs.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Fostering SDM in primary care is consonant with notions of ADHD as distinct from mental health.

Alternate JournalPatient Educ Couns
PubMed ID20797833
PubMed Central IDPMC3551534
Grant ListK23 HD059919 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
K23 HD059919-02 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States