Use of preventive dental care among medicaid-enrolled, school-aged US children in immigrant and nonimmigrant families: trends in Pennsylvania From 2005 through 2010.

TitleUse of preventive dental care among medicaid-enrolled, school-aged US children in immigrant and nonimmigrant families: trends in Pennsylvania From 2005 through 2010.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsYun K, Chesnokova A, Shults J, Pinto A, Rubin DM
JournalAm J Public Health
Volume104
Issue12
Pagination2400-8
Date Published2014 Dec
ISSN1541-0048
KeywordsAdolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Dental Care for Children, Emigrants and Immigrants, Ethnic Groups, Female, Humans, Infant, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Medicaid, Pennsylvania, Preventive Health Services, United States
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We describe trends in receipt of preventive dental care among Medicaid-enrolled children in Pennsylvania between 2005 and 2010, comparing the US children of immigrants with their co-ethnic peers in nonimmigrant families.

METHODS: We analyzed Pennsylvania Medicaid claims, birth records, and census data for children born in Pennsylvania and enrolled in Medicaid for 10 or more months during any of the calendar years assessed.

RESULTS: Receipt of preventive dental care was more likely among Latino children in immigrant families than among their peers in nonimmigrant families; also, it was more likely among White children in immigrant families than among their peers in nonimmigrant families. Rates of preventive dental care use among African American and Asian children in immigrant and nonimmigrant families were comparable. From 2005 to 2010, the percentage of Latino children in nonimmigrant families who received preventive dental care increased from 33% to 61%. Changes in other groups were significant but less dramatic.

CONCLUSIONS: Receipt of preventive dental care has increased among Medicaid-enrolled children in Pennsylvania, with marked gains among Latino children. Within each racial/ethnic group, the children of immigrants were either more likely than or equally likely as children in nonimmigrant families to receive care.

DOI10.2105/AJPH.2014.302157
Alternate JournalAm J Public Health
PubMed ID25322290
PubMed Central IDPMC4232125
Grant List1-K12-HS-021706-01 / HS / AHRQ HHS / United States