Understanding vaccine knowledge, attitudes, and decision-making through college student interviews.

TitleUnderstanding vaccine knowledge, attitudes, and decision-making through college student interviews.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSandler K, Srivastava T, Fawole OA, Fasano C, Feemster KA
JournalJ Am Coll Health
Pagination1-8
Date Published2019 Mar 25
ISSN1940-3208
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about vaccines required for college-entry and vaccine-related behaviors among college students.

PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three full-time undergraduate students, ≥ 18 years old, enrolled at public (2) and private (3) colleges and universities in metropolitan Philadelphia in fall 2016.

METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews, which were double-coded with 5,015 comments overall and 99.3% intercoder reliability (κ = 0.779) using NVivo 11 software.

RESULTS: Six key themes emerged: (1) low knowledge about vaccines and requirements; (2) mixed attitudes about required vs. recommended vaccines; (3) high trust in medical professionals; (4) low perceived risk for vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks; (5) substantial parental influence on students' decision-making; and (6) low utilization of Student Health Services.

CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed lack of knowledge about and low prioritization of vaccination despite overall positive attitudes towards vaccines. Prematriculation education of college students is critical to increasing vaccine knowledge and use.

DOI10.1080/07448481.2019.1583660
Alternate JournalJ Am Coll Health
PubMed ID30908142