Survey of preterm neuro-centric care practices in California neonatal intensive care units.

TitleSurvey of preterm neuro-centric care practices in California neonatal intensive care units.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsHandley SC, Passarella M, Lorch SA, Lee HC
JournalJ Perinatol
Volume39
Issue2
Pagination256-262
Date Published2019 02
ISSN1476-5543
KeywordsCalifornia, Cross-Sectional Studies, Ductus Arteriosus, Patent, Humans, Indomethacin, Infant, Newborn, Infant, Premature, Intensive Care Units, Neonatal, Neurologic Examination, Outcome Assessment, Health Care, Surveys and Questionnaires
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Examine the adoption and presence of preterm, neuro-centric care practices across neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

STUDY DESIGN: Statewide, cross-sectional survey of California NICUs. Data were collected surrounding the timing of adoption and presence of delivery room practices, nursing protocols, provider management practices and quality improvement initiatives.

RESULT: Among the 95 NICUs completing the survey (65%), adoption of all surveyed practices increased between 2005 and 2016, though rates of uptake changed over time and varied by practice. Adoption of indomethacin prophylaxis increased 1.8-fold, whereas delayed cord clamping increased 78-fold. Adoption of premedication for intubation and a patent ductus arteriosus management algorithm differed by unit level. Additionally, two underlying practice domains were identified; adoption of delivery room practices and adoption of any preterm practice.

CONCLUSION: Adoption of preterm, neuro-centric care practices across California NICUs has increased, though uptake patterns vary by practice and level.

DOI10.1038/s41372-018-0283-8
Alternate JournalJ Perinatol
PubMed ID30518797
PubMed Central IDPMC6351217
Grant ListT32 HD007440 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States