Psychological distress in parents of children with advanced cancer.

TitlePsychological distress in parents of children with advanced cancer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsRosenberg AR, Dussel V, Kang T, J Geyer R, Gerhardt CA, Feudtner C, Wolfe J
JournalJAMA Pediatr
Volume167
Issue6
Pagination537-43
Date Published2013 Jun
ISSN2168-6211
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Cohort Studies, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Linear Models, Logistic Models, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Neoplasms, Parents, Prevalence, Psychological Tests, Risk Factors, Stress, Psychological
Abstract

IMPORTANCE: Parent psychological distress can impact the well-being of childhood cancer patients and other children in the home. Recognizing and alleviating factors of parent distress may improve overall family survivorship experiences following childhood cancer.

OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and factors of psychological distress (PD) among parents of children with advanced cancer.

DESIGN: Cohort study embedded within a randomized clinical trial (Pediatric Quality of Life and Evaluation of Symptoms Technology [PediQUEST] study).

SETTING: Multicenter study conducted at 3 children's hospitals (Boston Children's Hospital, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Seattle Children's Hospital).

PARTICIPANTS: Parents of children with advanced (progressive, recurrent, or refractory) cancer.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Parental PD, as measured by the Kessler-6 Psychological Distress Scale.

RESULTS: Eighty-six of 104 parents completed the Survey About Caring for Children With Cancer (83% participation); 81 parents had complete Kessler-6 Psychological Distress Scale data. More than 50% of parents reported high PD and 16% met criteria for serious PD (compared with US prevalence of 2%-3%). Parent perceptions of prognosis, goals of therapy, child symptoms/suffering, and financial hardship were associated with PD. In multivariate analyses, average parent Kessler-6 Psychological Distress Scale scores were higher among parents who believed their child was suffering highly and who reported great economic hardship. Conversely, PD was significantly lower among parents whose prognostic understanding was aligned with concrete goals of care.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Parenting a child with advanced cancer is strongly associated with high to severe levels of PD. Interventions aimed at aligning prognostic understanding with concrete care goals and easing child suffering and financial hardship may mitigate parental PD.

DOI10.1001/jamapediatrics.2013.628
Alternate JournalJAMA Pediatr
PubMed ID23545569
PubMed Central IDPMC4263253
Grant List1K07 CA096746-01 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
L40 CA170049 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States
T32 CA009351 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States