Preventing the Spread of Pertussis in Pediatric Healthcare Settings.

TitlePreventing the Spread of Pertussis in Pediatric Healthcare Settings.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCalderón TA, Coffin SE, Sammons JS
JournalJ Pediatric Infect Dis Soc
Volume4
Issue3
Pagination252-9
Date Published2015 Sep
ISSN2048-7207
Abstract

The surge in pertussis incidence in recent years underscores a critical need for effective plans to prevent transmission in pediatric healthcare settings. Adolescents and adults are common sources of infection for unimmunized or incompletely immunized infants and children with waning immunity. Despite documented outbreaks being limited in size, pertussis poses a threat to pediatric healthcare facilities due to the risk for widespread transmission, potentially severe complications among vulnerable patient populations, and high outbreak control-related costs. Healthcare personnel, visitors, and parents have been identified as sources of outbreaks, underscoring the importance of coordinated efforts to prevent transmission in these settings. This comprehensive review demonstrates that the risk of pertussis transmission in pediatric healthcare settings warrants heightened focus on strategies to recognize disease earlier, improve diagnostic evaluation, and facilitate effective contact tracing and post-exposure prophylaxis measures. This review suggests that healthcare personnel can play a significant role in the prevention of healthcare-associated pertussis.

DOI10.1093/jpids/piu056
Alternate JournalJ Pediatric Infect Dis Soc
PubMed ID26407429