Prevalence of and Associations With Avascular Necrosis After Pediatric Sepsis: A Single-Center Retrospective Study.

TitlePrevalence of and Associations With Avascular Necrosis After Pediatric Sepsis: A Single-Center Retrospective Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsPeriasamy U, Chilutti M, Kaplan SL, Hickey CP, Hayes K, Pennington JW, Balamuth F, Fitzgerald JC, Weiss SL
JournalPediatr Crit Care Med
Date Published2022 Jan 06
ISSN1529-7535
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Avascular necrosis (AVN) is a rare, but serious, complication after sepsis in adults. We sought to determine if sepsis is associated with postillness diagnosis of AVN, as well as potential-associated risk factors for AVN in children with sepsis.

DESIGN: Retrospective observational study.

SETTING: Single academic children's hospital.

PATIENTS: Patients less than 18 years treated for sepsis or suspected bacterial infection from 2011 to 2017. Patients who developed AVN within 3 years after sepsis were compared with patients who developed AVN after suspected bacterial infection and with patients with sepsis who did not develop AVN.

INTERVENTION: None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: AVN was determined using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Edition/10th Edition codes and confirmed by chart review. The prevalence of AVN after sepsis was 0.73% (21/2,883) and after suspected bacterial infection was 0.43% (53/12,276; risk difference, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.0-0.63; p = 0.05). Compared with 43 sepsis controls without AVN, AVN in the 21 sepsis cases was associated with being older, having sickle cell disease and malignancy, higher body mass index, unknown source of infection, and low platelet count in the first 7 days of sepsis. Half of sepsis patients were treated with corticosteroids, and higher median cumulative dose of steroids was associated with AVN (23.2 vs 5.4 mg/kg; p < 0.01). Older age at infection (odds ratio [OR], 1.3; 95% CI, 1.1-1.4), malignancy (OR, 8.8; 95% CI, 2.6-32.9), unknown site of infection (OR, 12.7; 95% CI, 3.3-48.6), and minimal platelet count less than 100,000/┬ÁL in first 7 days of sepsis (OR, 5.0; 95% CI, 1.6-15.4) were identified as potential risk factors for AVN after sepsis following adjustment for multiple comparisons.

CONCLUSIONS: Although rare, sepsis was associated with a higher risk of subsequent AVN than suspected bacterial infection in children. Older age, malignancy, unknown site of infection, and minimum platelet count were potential risk factors for AVN after sepsis.

DOI10.1097/PCC.0000000000002880
Alternate JournalPediatr Crit Care Med
PubMed ID34991135