Patterns of HIV Treatment Adherence do not Differ Between Male and Female Adolescents in Botswana.

TitlePatterns of HIV Treatment Adherence do not Differ Between Male and Female Adolescents in Botswana.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsIoannides KL, Chapman J, Marukutira T, Tshume O, Anabwani GM, Gross R, Lowenthal ED
JournalAIDS Behav
Date Published2016 Sep 8
ISSN1573-3254
Abstract

We hypothesized that longer and more frequent dosing gaps among boys in Botswana taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection compared to girls could account for previously seen gender-specific differences in outcomes. We monitored 154 male and 134 female adolescents for 2 years with medication event monitoring systems (MEMS). Median adherence was 95.6 % for males and 95.7 % for females (p = 0.40). There were no significant gender differences in the number of ≥7 day (p = 0.55) and ≥14 day (p = 0.48) dosing gaps. The median maximal gap was 7.7 days for males and 8.0 days for females (p = 0.47). These findings are not consistent with clinically meaningful gender differences in adherence.

DOI10.1007/s10461-016-1530-7
Alternate JournalAIDS Behav
PubMed ID27631365