Patient and institutional characteristics associated with initial computerized tomography in children presenting to the emergency department with kidney stones.

TitlePatient and institutional characteristics associated with initial computerized tomography in children presenting to the emergency department with kidney stones.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsZiemba JB, Canning DA, Lavelle J, Kalmus A, Tasian GE
JournalJ Urol
Volume193
Issue5 Suppl
Pagination1848-53
Date Published05/2015
ISSN1527-3792
KeywordsAdolescent, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Nephrolithiasis, Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Abstract

PURPOSE: Professional associations recommend ultrasound as the initial imaging study in children with suspected nephrolithiasis but computerized tomography remains frequently used. We identified patient and institutional characteristics associated with computerized tomography as the first imaging study in children with nephrolithiasis diagnosed in the emergency department.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of children 2 to 18 years old with nephrolithiasis who were referred to a freestanding pediatric hospital from 2003 to 2012. We identified the imaging modality first used to evaluate the child. Medical directors at the emergency department where children were first evaluated were sent a questionnaire to ascertain emergency department characteristics. Multivariate hierarchical logistic regression models were used to determine patient and institutional characteristics associated with initial computerized tomography.

RESULTS: Of 536 eligible children 323 (60.2%) were evaluated at emergency departments from which surveys were returned. Of the 323 children 238 (71%) underwent computerized tomography as initial imaging. Ultrasound was available at all emergency departments. Older patient age was associated with higher initial computerized tomography use (OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.04-1.16). A more recent year of diagnosis (OR 0.80, 95% CI 0.72-0.88) and a clinical care pathway that used ultrasound as initial imaging (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.01-0.38) were associated with lower initial computerized tomography use.

CONCLUSIONS: A clinical care pathway in the emergency department was the only institutional characteristic associated with lower computerized tomography use. Future studies are needed to determine whether care pathways using ultrasound for initial imaging in children with suspected nephrolithiasis would decrease inappropriate computerized tomography and improve adherence to national guidelines.

DOI10.1016/j.juro.2014.09.115
Alternate JournalJ. Urol.
PubMed ID25305359
Grant ListT32HD060550 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States