Model-Informed Drug Development of New Cefoperazone Sodium and Sulbactam Sodium Combination (3:1): Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Analysis and Antibacterial Efficacy Against Enterobacteriaceae.

TitleModel-Informed Drug Development of New Cefoperazone Sodium and Sulbactam Sodium Combination (3:1): Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Analysis and Antibacterial Efficacy Against Enterobacteriaceae.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsJi X-W, Zhu X, Li Y, Xue F, San Kuan IHui, He Q-F, Meng X-R, Xiang X-Q, Cui Y-M, Zheng B
JournalFront Pharmacol
Volume13
Pagination856792
Date Published2022
ISSN1663-9812
Abstract

Cefoperazone/sulbactam is a commonly used antibiotic combination against the extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs)-producing bacteria. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new cefoperazone/sulbactam combination (3:1) for Enterobacteriaceae infection via model-informed drug development (MIDD) approaches. Sulperazon [cefoperazone/sulbactam (2:1)] was used as a control. Pharmacokinetic (PK) data was collected from a clinical phase I trial. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined using two-fold broth microdilution method. The percent time that the free drug concentration exceeded the minimum inhibitory concentration (%T) was used as the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic indicator correlated with efficacy. Models were developed to characterize the PK profile of cefoperazone and sulbactam. Monte Carlo simulations were employed to determine the investigational regimens of cefoperazone/sulbactam (3:1) for the treatment of infections caused by Enterobacteriaceae based on the probability of target attainment (PTA) against the tested bacteria. Two 2-compartment models were developed to describe the PK profiles of cefoperazone and sulbactam. Simulation results following the single-dose showed that the regimens of cefoperazone/sulbactam combinations in the ratios of 3:1 and 2:1 achieved similar PTA against the tested bacteria. Simulation results from the multiple-dose showed that the dosing regimen of cefoperazone/sulbactam (4 g, TID, 3 g:1 g) showed slightly better antibacterial effect than cefoperazone/sulbactam (6 g, BID, 4 g:2 g) against the (ESBL) and (ESBL). For the other tested bacteria, the above regimens achieved a similar PTA. Cefoperazone/sulbactam (3:1) showed similar bactericidal activity to sulperazon [cefoperazone/sulbactam (2:1)] against the tested bacteria. For the ESBL-producing and cefoperazone-resistant and , Cefoperazone/sulbactam (3:1) did not exhibit advantage as anticipated. Our study indicated that further clinical trials should be carried out cautiously to avoid the potential risks of not achieving the expected target.

DOI10.3389/fphar.2022.856792
Alternate JournalFront Pharmacol
PubMed ID35924047
PubMed Central IDPMC9340253