Metrics of neonatal antibiotic use.

TitleMetrics of neonatal antibiotic use.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsFlannery DD, Horbar JD
JournalSemin Perinatol
Pagination151329
Date Published2020 Oct 13
ISSN1558-075X
Abstract

Responsible use of antibiotics is critical to preserve their effectiveness and to minimize adverse outcomes associated with overuse and misuse. Newborn infants are a unique population with high rates of antibiotic exposure. In order to improve neonatal antibiotic use, accurate and meaningful metrics are required. In this review, we highlight and compare existing antibiotic use metrics in detail, including definitions, current applications, advantages, and limitations of each metric, with a focus on applicability to neonatal populations. We explore future directions for identification of accurate and meaningful metrics that will allow hospitals and stakeholders to pinpoint antibiotic utilization practices that should be emulated or avoided, and ultimately improve the safety and quality of neonatal care.

DOI10.1016/j.semperi.2020.151329
Alternate JournalSemin Perinatol
PubMed ID33158602