Mental health care for youth with rheumatologic diseases - bridging the gap.

TitleMental health care for youth with rheumatologic diseases - bridging the gap.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsDavis AM, Rubinstein TB, Rodriguez M, Knight AM
JournalPediatr Rheumatol Online J
Volume15
Issue1
Pagination85
Date Published2017 Dec 28
ISSN1546-0096
Abstract

Youth with rheumatologic diseases have a high prevalence of comorbid mental health disorders. Individuals with comorbid mental health disorders are at increased risk for adverse outcomes related to mental health as well as their underlying rheumatologic disease. Early identification and treatment of mental health disorders has been shown to improve outcomes, but current systems of care fall short in providing adequate mental health services to those in need. Pediatric rheumatologists are uniquely positioned to provide mental health screening and intervention for youth with rheumatologic diseases due to the frequency of patient encounters and ongoing therapeutic relationship with patients and families. However, additional training is likely required for pediatric rheumatologists to provide effective mental health care, and focusing efforts on providing trainees with mental health education is key to building competency. Potential opportunities for improved mental health education include development of clinical guidelines regarding mental health screening and management within pediatric rheumatology settings and incorporation of mental health didactics, workshops, and interdisciplinary clinic experiences into pediatric rheumatology fellowship curricula. Additional steps include mental health education for patients and families and focus on system change, targeting integration of medical and mental health care. Research is needed to better define the scope of the problem, determine effective strategies for equipping pediatric rheumatologists with skills in mental health intervention, and develop and implement sustainable systems for delivery of optimal mental health care to youth with rheumatologic diseases.

DOI10.1186/s12969-017-0214-9
Alternate JournalPediatr Rheumatol Online J
PubMed ID29282086