Intervention Codesign in the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit to Improve Family Meetings.

TitleIntervention Codesign in the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit to Improve Family Meetings.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsWalter JK, Hill D, Drust WA, Lisanti A, DeWitt A, Seelhorst A, Hasiuk MLuisa, Arnold R, Feudtner C
JournalJ Pain Symptom Manage
Date Published2022 Mar 23
ISSN1873-6513
Abstract

CONTEXT: Family meetings are encouraged in the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) with the expectation of supporting parental shared decision-making (SDM). However, they often fall short of this goal. Additionally, interprofessional team and family meetings are dominated by input from physicians, under-utilizing the skillset of the full clinical team.

OBJECTIVES: 1) To determine feasibility of a codesign process to optimize the preparation of the interprofessional team and parents for conducting SDM-oriented family meetings in the CICU, and 2) to describe the resulting elements of the intervention including new support documents for the team and family to prepare for the meeting, team member roles in the meeting, and optimization of communication skills.

METHODS: Experience-based codesign was used with CICU clinicians and parents of children hospitalized in the CICU to develop an intervention at a single institution. Sessions were audio recorded and transcribed and analyzed using modified grounded theory. Participants were surveyed about their engagement in the codesign process to assess feasibility.

RESULTS: Fifteen professionals and 6 parents enrolled in the codesign and endorsed engagement in the process and importance of the intervention elements. Participants identified the benefit of complementary parent and team preparation for family meetings noting 5 distinct types of meetings that occurred frequently. Documents, processes, and skills training were developed to improve interprofessional teamwork regarding shared decision making and support of parents in family meetings.

CONCLUSION: A codesign of an intervention with clinicians and parents in the CICU is a feasible and resulted in an intervention with broad support among clinicians in the CICU.

DOI10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2022.03.010
Alternate JournalJ Pain Symptom Manage
PubMed ID35339610