Image Quality of ECG-Triggered High-Pitch, Dual-Source Computed Tomography Angiography for Cardiovascular Assessment in Children.

TitleImage Quality of ECG-Triggered High-Pitch, Dual-Source Computed Tomography Angiography for Cardiovascular Assessment in Children.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsBarrera CA, Otero HJ, White AM, Saul D, Biko DM
JournalCurr Probl Diagn Radiol
Date Published2018 Oct 29
ISSN1535-6302
Abstract

PURPOSE: Evaluate the feasibility and determinants of image quality of ECG-triggered High-Pitch Dual-Source Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) for cardiovascular assessment in Children.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: All children that underwent ECG-triggered High-Pitch Dual-Source CTA between August 2014 and September 2017 were identified. Scanner parameters and patients' information were retrieved. Objective image quality was evaluated measuring the Hounsfield units (HU) and standard deviation of regions of interests in the left ventricle, ascending and descending aorta. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated. Qualitative image quality was recorded independently by two pediatric radiologist blinded using a three-point scale: 1 - good image quality, 2 - mild artifacts, 3 - poor image quality. Continuous variables were presented as mean ± standard deviation. The interobserver agreement and non-parametric test were used.

RESULTS: 93 patients (mean age 5.6 ± 7.1 years) were selected. Average cardiovascular attenuation, SNR and CNR were 406.2 ± 146.3 HU, 24.2 ± 16.0 HU and 52.1 ± 38.6 HU, respectively. Average image quality was 1.51 ± 0.48 and the inter-observer agreement was excellent (k = 0.8). Worse subjective quality scores were associated with lower age, height, weight, BSA, lower contrast dose and slower injection rates (p < 0.05). Higher heart rate was associated with high attenuation (p < 0.05), however, SNR and CNR did not show an association with heart rate (p = 0.80).

CONCLUSIONS: ECG-triggered High-Pitch Dual-Source cardiac CTA is feasible and provides good or excellent image quality for the evaluation of cardiovascular diseases in children.

DOI10.1067/j.cpradiol.2018.10.006
Alternate JournalCurr Probl Diagn Radiol
PubMed ID30472138