Health Profiles of Newly Arrived Refugee Children in the United States, 2006-2012.

TitleHealth Profiles of Newly Arrived Refugee Children in the United States, 2006-2012.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsYun K, Matheson J, Payton C, Scott KC, Stone BL, Song L, Stauffer WM, Urban K, Young J, Mamo B
JournalAm J Public Health
Volume106
Issue1
Pagination128-35
Date Published2016 Jan
ISSN1541-0048
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We conducted a large-scale study of newly arrived refugee children in the United States with data from 2006 to 2012 domestic medical examinations in 4 sites: Colorado; Minnesota; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Washington State.

METHODS: Blood lead level, anemia, hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, tuberculosis infection or disease, and Strongyloides seropositivity data were available for 8148 refugee children (aged < 19 years) from Bhutan, Burma, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Iraq, and Somalia.

RESULTS: We identified distinct health profiles for each country of origin, as well as for Burmese children who arrived in the United States from Thailand compared with Burmese children who arrived from Malaysia. Hepatitis B was more prevalent among male children than female children and among children aged 5 years and older. The odds of HBV, tuberculosis, and Strongyloides decreased over the study period.

CONCLUSIONS: Medical screening remains an important part of health care for newly arrived refugee children in the United States, and disease risk varies by population.

DOI10.2105/AJPH.2015.302873
Alternate JournalAm J Public Health
PubMed ID26562126
PubMed Central IDPMC4695941
Grant List1K23HD082312-01A1 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States