Fidelity evaluation of the dialogue around respiratory illness treatment (DART) program communication training.

TitleFidelity evaluation of the dialogue around respiratory illness treatment (DART) program communication training.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsMangione-Smith R, Robinson JD, Zhou C, Stout JW, Fiks AG, Shalowitz M, Gerber JS, Burges D, Hedrick B, Warren L, Grundmeier RW, Kronman MP, Shone LP, Steffes J, Wright M, Heritage J
JournalPatient Educ Couns
Date Published2022 Mar 14

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate receipt fidelity of communication training content included in a multifaceted intervention known to reduce antibiotic over-prescribing for pediatric acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), by examining the degree to which clinicians implemented the intended communication behavior changes.

METHODS: Parents were surveyed regarding clinician communication behaviors immediately after attending 1026 visits by children 6 months to < 11 years old diagnosed with ARTIs by 53 clinicians in 18 pediatric practices. Communication outcomes analyzed were whether clinicians: (A) provided both a combined (negative + positive) treatment recommendation and a contingency plan (full implementation); (B) provided either a combined treatment recommendation or a contingency plan (partial implementation); or (C) provided neither (no implementation). We used mixed effects multinomial logistic regression to determine whether these 3 communication outcomes changed between baseline and the time periods following each of 3 training modules.

RESULTS: After completing the communication training, the adjusted probability of clinicians fully implementing the intended communication behavior changes increased by an absolute 8.1% compared to baseline (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 2.4%, 13.8%, p = .005).

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the receipt fidelity of the intervention's communication training content.

PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Clinicians can be trained to implement communication behaviors that may aid in reducing antibiotic over-prescribing for ARTIs.

Alternate JournalPatient Educ Couns
PubMed ID35341612