Evaluation of iron intake in preschool children in a setting with high anemia burden.

TitleEvaluation of iron intake in preschool children in a setting with high anemia burden.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsDunn MG, Close RM, McKee SG, Cordero R, Japa IF, Lowenthal ED
JournalInt Health
Date Published2020 Jan 24
ISSN1876-3405
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia affects millions of children worldwide. Iron intake assessments can inform targeted interventions.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study describes diet and hemoglobin levels of children 1-5 y of age in a resource-limited setting in the Dominican Republic. The study team performed meal observations and measurements, dietary questionnaires, and point-of-care hemoglobin testing.

RESULTS: Iron intake and bioavailability were low, with liberal estimates indicating that not more than 40% of subjects consumed the recommended daily allowance for iron. Forty of 80 children had anemia, with 23% demonstrating moderate or severe anemia.

CONCLUSIONS: Poor observed iron intake likely contributes to the high prevalence of anemia in this population.

DOI10.1093/inthealth/ihz106
Alternate JournalInt Health
PubMed ID31974577