Empowering patients to adhere to their treatment regimens: A multifaceted approach.

TitleEmpowering patients to adhere to their treatment regimens: A multifaceted approach.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsPruette CS, Amaral S
JournalPediatr Transplant
Date Published2020 Oct 18

It is well-recognized that adolescence and early adulthood are a high-risk period for non-adherence with treatment regimens in solid organ transplant recipients, leading to high rates of rejection and graft loss (Transplantation, 92, 2011, 1237; Pediatr Transplant, 9, 2005, 381; Transplantation, 77, 2004, 769). Preventing medication non-adherence is the holy grail of transplant adolescent care. If we can determine how best to support our patients in taking their daily medications as prescribed, we can improve long-term health, reduce need for re-transplantation, and reduce healthcare costs. In the last few years, several studies have provided us with additional insights into potentially effective interventions and have highlighted existing gaps in knowledge. This article reviews recent literature published over the last 5 years on the topic of adherence in transplant recipients, highlighting insights and opportunities to promote adherence at the individual patient level, family level, healthcare system level, and community level. Above all, the recent work that is highlighted suggests that adherence interventions for prevention and treatment must be multifaceted, individualized, and longitudinal to be effective.

Alternate JournalPediatr Transplant
PubMed ID33073474