Early Detection of SARS-CoV-2 and other Infections in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients and Household Members using Wearable Devices.

TitleEarly Detection of SARS-CoV-2 and other Infections in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients and Household Members using Wearable Devices.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsKeating BJ, Mukhtar EH, Elftmann ED, Eweje FR, Gao H, Ibrahim LI, Kathawate RG, Lee AC, Li EH, Moore KA, Nair N, Chaluvadi V, Reason J, Zanoni F, Honkala AT, Al-Ali AK, Alrubaish FAbdullah, Al-Mozaini MAhmad, Al-Muhanna FA, Al-Romaih K, Goldfarb SB, Kellogg R, Kiryluk K, Kizilbash SJ, Kohut TJ, Kumar J, O'Connor MJ, Rand EB, Redfield RR, Rolnik B, Rossano J, Sanchez PG, Alavi A, Bahmani A, Bogu GK, Brooks AW, Metwally AA, Mishra T, Marks SD, Montgomery RA, Fishman JA, Amaral S, Jacobson PA, Wang M, Snyder MP
JournalTranspl Int
Date Published2021 Mar 18
ISSN1432-2277
Abstract

The increasing global prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 and the resulting COVID-19 disease pandemic pose significant concerns for clinical management of solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR). Wearable devices that can measure physiologic changes in biometrics including heart rate, heart rate variability, body temperature, respiratory, activity (such as steps taken per day) and sleep patterns and blood oxygen saturation, show utility for the early detection of infection before clinical presentation of symptoms. Recent algorithms developed using preliminary wearable datasets show that SARS-CoV-2 is detectable before clinical symptoms in >80% of adults. Early detection of SARS-CoV-2, influenza, and other pathogens in SOTR, and their household members, could facilitate early interventions such as self-isolation and early clinical management of relevant infection(s). Ongoing studies testing the utility of wearable devices such as smartwatches for early detection of SARS-CoV-2 and other infections in the general population are reviewed here, along with the practical challenges to implementing these processes at scale in pediatric and adult SOTR, and their household members. The resources and logistics, including transplant specific analyses pipelines to account for confounders such as polypharmacy and comorbidities, required in studies of pediatric and adult SOTR for the robust early detection of SARS-CoV-2 and other infections are also reviewed.

DOI10.1111/tri.13860
Alternate JournalTranspl Int
PubMed ID33735480