- Research Methods &
- Research Training
- Research Into
|Title||Dynamic contrast-enhanced MR lymphangiography: feasibility of using ferumoxytol in patients with chronic kidney disease.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Yekeler E, Krishnamurthy G, Smith CL, Escobar FA, Pinto E, Rapp JB, Otero HJ, White AM, Dori Y, Biko DM|
|Date Published||2022 Jan 10|
PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of direct intra-lymphatic administration of diluted ferumoxytol as a T1-positive contrast agent for dynamic contrast-enhanced MR lymphangiography (DCMRL) imaging of the central lymphatics in children with renal disease.
METHODS: In vitro scan of dilute ferumoxytol was initially performed using time-resolved and high-resolution 3D gradient echo (GRE) sequences with short TE values (1 to 1.5 ms). A ferumoxytol concentration of 0.25 to 0.40 mg/mL was found to retain high signal in the T1-weighted sequences. DCMRL was then performed in 4 children with renal disease with the same 3D GRE sequences administrating diluted ferumoxytol via intra-mesenteric (IM), intra-hepatic (IH), and intra-nodal (IN) routes (6 to 9 mL to each site; average total dose of 0.75 mg/kg) by slow hand injection (0.5 to 1.0 mL/min). The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the lymphatics was measured for quantitative evaluation.
RESULTS: Ferumoxytol-enhanced DCMRL was technically successful in all patients. Contrast conspicuity within the lymphatics was sufficient without subtraction. The mean SNR was significantly higher than the muscle (50.1 ± 12.2 vs 13.2 ± 2.8; t = 15.9; p < .001). There were no short-term complications attributed to the administration of ferumoxytol in any of the four patients.
CONCLUSION: Magnetic resonance lymphangiography using ferumoxytol via IN, IH, and IM access is a new method to directly visualize the central lymphatic system and can be applied safely in patients with renal failure based on our preliminary report of four cases. Ferumoxytol-enhanced DCMRL shows diagnostic image quality by using 3D GRE sequences with short TE values and appropriate dilution of ferumoxytol.
KEY POINTS: • MR lymphangiography using ferumoxytol via intra-nodal, intra-hepatic, and intra-mesenteric access is a new method to directly visualize the central lymphatic system from the groin to the venous angle. • FDCMRL can be applied safely in patients with renal failure based on our preliminary report of four cases. • FDCMRL shows diagnostic image quality by using 3D GRE sequences with short TE values and appropriate dilution of the ferumoxytol.
|Alternate Journal||Eur Radiol|