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|Title||Development and Usability of a Smartphone Application for Tracking Antiretroviral Medication Refill Data for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||Coppock D, Zambo D, Moyo D, Tanthuma G, Chapman J, Re VLo, Graziani A, Lowenthal ED, Hanrahan N, Littman-Quinn R, Kovarik C, Albarracin D, Holmes JH, Gross R|
|Journal||Methods Inf Med|
|Keywords||Anti-Retroviral Agents, Demography, Drug Prescriptions, Female, HIV, HIV Infections, Humans, Male, Medication Adherence, Smartphone, Surveys and Questionnaires|
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antiretroviral medication leads to HIV suppression and decreased morbidity and mortality. In resource- limited settings, the dependence on paper medical charts and unstable electronic health records creates a challenge to monitoring medication adherence. A pharmacy-based strategy that utilizes existing cellular phone infrastructure may lead to a more stable system to monitor adherence.
OBJECTIVES: To develop and evaluate the usability of a smartphone-based software application (app) for tracking antiretroviral medication refill data in a resource-limited setting.
METHODS: A pharmacy-based smartphone app for tracking HIV medication adherence was developed through a multi-step rapid prototyping process. The usability of the app was assessed during the daily activities of pharmacy dispensers at HIV clinics in and around Gaborone, Botswana using a validated computer usability survey.
RESULTS: The study demonstrated the effective development of and favorable end-user responses to a pharmacy-based HIV medication adherence app. End users had suggestions for minor changes to improve the app's functionality.
CONCLUSIONS: In resource-limited settings where electronic health record support is limited, such a system was feasible and appealing. In the future, this system may allow for improved HIV medication adherence tracking and be applied to medications beyond antiretrovirals.
|Alternate Journal||Methods Inf Med|
|Grant List||Penn Center for AIDS Research / / T32-AI055435 / International |
K23 MH095669 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
D43 TW009781 / TW / FIC NIH HHS / United States