Daily serum creatinine monitoring promotes earlier detection of acute kidney injury in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis.

TitleDaily serum creatinine monitoring promotes earlier detection of acute kidney injury in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsDownes KJ, Rao MB, Kahill L, Nguyen H, Clancy JP, Goldstein SL
JournalJ Cyst Fibros
Date Published2014 Jul
KeywordsAcute Kidney Injury, Adolescent, Aminoglycosides, Child, Creatinine, Cystic Fibrosis, Early Diagnosis, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Injections, Intravenous, Kidney Function Tests, Male, Monitoring, Physiologic, Retrospective Studies, Risk Factors, Young Adult

BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of aminoglycoside-associated acute kidney injury (AG-AKI) has not been well described in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We aimed to assess the impact of daily serum creatinine (SCr) measurement on detection of AG-AKI at our institution.

METHODS: We examined a cohort of hospitalized patients with CF who received an intravenous (IV) aminoglycoside for ≥ 3 days. We compared the rate, timing, and medical management surrounding detection of AG-AKI during 2 periods: January 2010-May 2011 (Era 1, SCr measured at the discretion of the medical team, N=124) and June 2011-June 2012 (Era 2, SCr measured daily, N=103). Our primary outcome was detection of AG-AKI defined as ≥ 50% increase in SCr from baseline (lowest value in prior 6 months), or ≥ 0.3mg/dL rise within 48 h, occurring after day 2.

RESULTS: The use of once daily tobramycin (p=0.02) and IV fluids (p<0.001) was higher during Era 2, while AG courses were shorter (p=0.04), and fewer concomitant nephrotoxins (p=0.04) were given; higher daily tobramycin doses (p<0.001) were administered. Although the rate of AG-AKI was not significantly different (12% during Era 1 vs. 20% during Era 2, p=0.09), the number of AG-AKI days detected increased (5.5 vs. 2.9 per 100 AG days, p=0.003), and detection occurred earlier (median 6 vs. 9 days, log rank test p=0.02) during the daily SCr period.

CONCLUSIONS: Daily SCr measurement promoted earlier and increased detection of AG-AKI in patients with CF at our institution. We suggest systematic evaluation for AKI during aminoglycoside administration in patients with CF.

Alternate JournalJ. Cyst. Fibros.
PubMed ID24718099
PubMed Central IDPMC4058368
Grant List1U19HS021114 / HS / AHRQ HHS / United States
5T32HD069054 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
T32 HD069054 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
UL1 TR000077 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
UL1-RR026314 / RR / NCRR NIH HHS / United States