Cutaneous bacterial infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes in infants and children.

TitleCutaneous bacterial infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes in infants and children.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLarru B, Gerber JS
JournalPediatr Clin North Am
Volume61
Issue2
Pagination457-78
Date Published2014 Apr
ISSN1557-8240
KeywordsAnti-Bacterial Agents, Child, Humans, Infant, Skin, Skin Diseases, Bacterial, Staphylococcal Infections, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcal Infections, Streptococcus pyogenes
Abstract

Acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (SSSIs) are among the most common bacterial infections in children. The medical burden of SSSIs, particularly abscesses, has increased nationwide since the emergence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. SSSIs represent a wide spectrum of disease severity. Prompt recognition, timely institution of appropriate therapy, and judicious antimicrobial use optimize patient outcomes. For abscesses, incision and drainage are paramount and might avoid the need for antibiotic treatment in uncomplicated cases. If indicated, empiric antimicrobial therapy should target Streptococcus pyogenes for nonpurulent SSSIs, such as uncomplicated cellulitis, and S aureus for purulent SSSIs such as abscesses.

DOI10.1016/j.pcl.2013.12.004
Alternate JournalPediatr. Clin. North Am.
PubMed ID24636656