Contrast-enhanced ultrasound of blunt abdominal trauma in children.

TitleContrast-enhanced ultrasound of blunt abdominal trauma in children.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsPaltiel HJ, Barth RA, Bruno C, Chen AE, Deganello A, Harkanyi Z, M Henry K, Ključevšek D, Back SJ
JournalPediatr Radiol
Date Published2021 May 12
ISSN1432-1998
Abstract

Trauma is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children, and rapid identification of organ injury is essential for successful treatment. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is an appealing alternative to contrast-enhanced CT in the evaluation of children with blunt abdominal trauma, mainly with respect to the potential reduction of population-level exposure to ionizing radiation. This is particularly important in children, who are more vulnerable to the hazards of ionizing radiation than adults. CEUS is useful in hemodynamically stable children with isolated blunt low- to moderate-energy abdominal trauma to rule out solid organ injuries. It can also be used to further evaluate uncertain contrast-enhanced CT findings, as well as in the follow-up of conservatively managed traumatic injuries. CEUS can be used to detect abnormalities that are not apparent by conventional US, including infarcts, pseudoaneurysms and active bleeding. In this article we present the current experience from the use of CEUS for the evaluation of pediatric blunt abdominal trauma, emphasizing the examination technique and interpretation of major abnormalities associated with injuries in the liver, spleen, kidneys, adrenal glands, pancreas and testes. We also discuss the limitations of the technique and offer a review of the major literature on this topic in children, including an extrapolation of experience from adults.

DOI10.1007/s00247-020-04869-w
Alternate JournalPediatr Radiol
PubMed ID33978795