A Computerized Sexual Health Survey Improves Testing for Sexually Transmitted Infection in a Pediatric Emergency Department.

TitleA Computerized Sexual Health Survey Improves Testing for Sexually Transmitted Infection in a Pediatric Emergency Department.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsGoyal MK, Fein JA, Badolato GM, Shea JA, Trent ME, Teach SJ, Zaoutis TE, Chamberlain JM
JournalJ Pediatr
Volume183
Pagination147-152.e1
Date Published2017 Apr
ISSN1097-6833
KeywordsAdolescent, Decision Making, Computer-Assisted, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Health Surveys, Humans, Incidence, Male, Pediatrics, Quality Improvement, Sex Factors, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Single-Blind Method, Urban Population
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess whether clinical decision support, using computerized sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk assessments, results in increased STI testing of adolescents at high risk for STI.

STUDY DESIGN: In a 2-arm, randomized, controlled trial conducted at a single, urban, pediatric emergency department, adolescents completed a computerized sexual health survey. For patients assigned to the intervention arm, attending physicians received decision support to guide STI testing based on the sexual health survey-derived STI risk; in the usual care arm, decision support was not provided. We compared STI testing rates between the intervention and usual care groups, adjusting for potential confounding using multivariable logistic regression.

RESULTS: Of the 728 enrolled patients, 635 (87.2%) had evaluable data (323 intervention arm; 312 usual care arm). STI testing frequency was higher in the intervention group compared with the usual care group (52.3% vs 42%; aOR 2 [95% CI 1.1, 3.8]). This effect was even more pronounced among the patients who presented asymptomatic for STI (28.6 vs 8.2%; aOR 4.7 [95% CI 1.4-15.5]).

CONCLUSIONS: Providing sexual health survey-derived decision support to emergency department clinicians led to increased testing rates for STI in adolescents at high risk for infection, particularly in those presenting asymptomatic for infection. Studies to understand potential barriers to decision support adherence should be undertaken to inform larger, multicenter studies that could determine the generalizability of these findings and whether this process leads to increased STI detection.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02509572.

DOI10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.12.045
Alternate JournalJ. Pediatr.
PubMed ID28081888
PubMed Central IDPMC5440080
Grant ListK23 HD070910 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States