Association Between Variation in Preoperative Care Before Arterial Switch Operation and Outcomes in Patients With Transposition of the Great Arteries.

TitleAssociation Between Variation in Preoperative Care Before Arterial Switch Operation and Outcomes in Patients With Transposition of the Great Arteries.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsO'Byrne ML, Glatz AC, Song L, Griffis HM, Millenson ME, Gillespie MJ, Dori Y, DeWitt AG, Mascio CE, Rome JJ
Date Published2018 Nov 06

BACKGROUND: The arterial switch operation (ASO) is the gold standard operative correction of neonates with transposition of the great arteries and intact ventricular septum, with excellent operative survival. The associations between patient and surgeon characteristics and outcomes are well understood, but the associations between variation in preoperative care and outcomes are less well studied.

METHODS: A multicenter retrospective cohort study of infants undergoing neonatal ASO between January 2010 and September 2015 at hospitals contributing data to the Pediatric Health Information Systems database was performed. The association between preoperative care (timing of ASO, preoperative use of balloon atrial septostomy, prostaglandin infusion, mechanical ventilation, and vasoactive agents) and operative outcomes (mortality, length of stay, and cost) was studied with multivariable mixed-effects models.

RESULTS: Over the study period, 2159 neonates at 40 hospitals were evaluated. Perioperative mortality was 2.8%. Between hospitals, the use of adjuvant therapies and timing of ASO varied broadly. At the subject level, older age at ASO was associated with higher mortality risk (age >6 days: odds ratio, 1.90; 95% CI, 1.11-3.26; P=0.02), cost, and length of stay. Receipt of a balloon atrial septostomy was associated with lower mortality risk (odds ratio, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.17-0.59; P<0.001), cost, and length of stay. Later hospital median age at ASO was associated with higher odds of mortality (odds ratio, 1.15 per day; 95% CI, 1.02-1.29; P=0.03), longer length of stay ( P<0.004), and higher cost ( P<0.001). Other hospital factors were not independently associated with the outcomes of interest.

CONCLUSIONS: There was significant variation in preoperative care between hospitals. Some potentially modifiable aspects of perioperative care (timing of ASO and septostomy) were significantly associated with mortality, length of stay, and cost. Further research on the perioperative care of neonates is necessary to determine whether modifying practice on the basis of the observed associations translates into improved outcomes.

Alternate JournalCirculation
PubMed ID30474422
PubMed Central IDPMC6261315
Grant ListK23 HL130420 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States